Here are some books and articles for your further reading and researching needs. I hope you have as much fun as I did! *It was a lot… don’t worry*


  • Esposito, John L. What Everyone Needs to Know About Islam. New York, New York: Oxford University Press. 2002.
  • Waines, David. An Introduction to Islam: Second Ed. Cambridge, United Kingdom: The Press Syndicate of the University of Cambridge. 2003.
Islam and Southeast Asia and General Indonesia

  • Azra, Azyumardi. The Origins of Islamic Reformism in Southeast Asia. Honolulu, Hawai’i: University of Hawai’i Press. 2004.
  • Kahn, Joel S. Ideology and Social Structure in Indonesia. Comparative Studies in Society and History 20 (1978) 103-122.

The Minangkabau

  • Abdullah, Taufik. Adat and Islam: An Examination of Conflict in Minangkabau. Indonesia, 2 (1966) 1-24.
  • Blackwood, Evelyn. Representing Women: The Politics of Minangkabau Adat Writings. The Journal of Asian Studies 60.1 (2001) 125-149.
  • Hamka, Oleh. Islam dan Adat Minangkabau. Jakarta, Indonesia: Penerbit Pustaka Panjimas. 1984.
  • Hadler, Jeffery. Muslims and Matriarchs: Cultural Resilience in Indonesia through Jihad and Colonialism. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press. 2008.
  • Krier, Jennifer . The Marital Project: Beyond the Exchange of Men in Minangkabau Marriage. American Ethnologist 27.4 (2000) 877-897.
  • Loeb, Edwin. Patrilineal and Matrilineal Organization in Sumatra: The Batak and the Minangkabau. American Anthropologist New Series 35.1 (1933) 16-50.
  • Summerfield, Ann and John ed. Walk in Splendor: Ceremonial Dress and the Minangkabau. Los Angeles, California: UCLA Fowler Museum of Cultural History. 1999.
  • Cohen, Matthew. Look at the Clouds: Migration and West Sumatran ‘Popular’ Theatre. New Theatre Quarterly 19.3 (2003) 214-229.
  • Holt, Claire. Dances of Minangkabau: Notes by Claire Holt. Indonesia 14 (1972) 72-88.
  • Latrell, Craig. Widening the Circle: The Refiguring of West Sumatran Randai. Asian Theatre Journal 16.2 (1999) 248-259.
  • Pauka, Kirstin. Theater & martial Arts in West Sumatra: Randai & Silek of the MInangkabau. Athens, Ohio: Center for International Studies, Ohio University. 1998.
  • Pauka, Kirstin. A Flower of Martial Arts: The Randai Folk Theatre of the Minangkabau in West Sumatra. Asian Theatre Journal 13.2 (1996) 167-191.
  • Pauka, Kirstin. Umbuik Mudo and the Magic Flute: A Randai Dance-Drama. Asian Theatre Journal 20. 2 (2003) 113-146.

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